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what is sorghum

what is sorghum

Sorghum and the flour made from it is an example of one of these grains 1. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. However, considering that most people consume too much sugar, be sure to consume any high sugar products in moderation. A popular baking alternative and nutritious whole grain, sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and promotes digestion. Sorghum syrup is lower in total sugar but higher in fructose, making it sweeter than molasses (10). The color and consistency of sorghum syrup are similar to those of molasses. Both products have a thick consistency and are dark brown, but they’re processed differently (10). There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, which is native to Africa. Sorghum flour's a player in most gluten-free flour blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries. Eating these super-foods may reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life. Here’s our process. [14], This article is about the plant genus. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. It’s rich in nutrients and easy to add to your diet, but its merits don’t stop there. In most recipes, it can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio. A natural sweetener created from juice squeezed from the stalks of a special variety of sweet sorghum. the syrup made from sorgo. China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. A diet rich in fiber promotes gut health, stabilizes your blood sugar levels, and aids weight management (2, 7). Sorghum is one of the top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, rice, and barley. 2. If you find it too sweet, use slightly less or add more liquid. In addition, sorghum is high in antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain grown in hot countries. This article takes a close look at grains and their health effects, both the good stuff and the…, Replacing refined grains in favor of whole grains has been linked to various health benefits. [6] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane). Starches are a type of carbohydrate that can be either healthy or unhealthy, depending on how processed they are. Sorghum is an important grain because it gives an alternative to wheat for those who need a gluten-free diet, it is usually eaten as a whole-grain which keeps the hull and its’ nutrients intact. It often prevents you from enjoying … Furthermore, you can enjoy this whole grain as a hearty side dish. It’s also widely used as a natural and cost-effective fuel source. The syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency similar to molasses but with a milder taste. Sorghum is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy and use of water and is known as a high-energy, drought tolerant crop that is environmentally friendly. At one time, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for many people. It’s a significant source of many vitamins and minerals, fiber, and protein, all of which contribute to good health. 14 Healthy Whole-Grain Foods (Including Gluten-Free Options), 8 Gluten-Free Grains That Are Super Healthy, 5 Benefits of Farro, A Healthy and Nutritious Ancient Grain, Amaranth: An Ancient Grain With Impressive Health Benefits. This tall, broad-leaf plant resembles corn in the field, but the grain crop is best known for its end product: sweet sorghum syrup. Not only is it used in cereals and flour, but it's also used in livestock feed, to produce ethanol and to make syrup, and the stalks can be used to make brooms. The grains are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest. [12][13], Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. Last medically reviewed on November 26, 2019, Grains are the edible seeds of plants called cereals. Sorghum is an extremely versatile grain that you can serve like rice or quinoa. A cultivated grass (Sorghum bicolor) native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. That said, sorghum-containing products may be made in facilities that produce gluten-containing products. It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. By Amy GrantHave you ever heard of sorghum plants? Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. In traditional form, it is a towering plant over 6 feet (2 meters) tall, although many varieties designed for cultivation are dwarf breeds, specially designed fo… It has been consumed in countries throughout the world for centuries. noun a cereal grass, Sorghum bicolor (or S. vulgare), having broad, cornlike leaves and a tall, pithy stem bearing the grain in a dense terminal cluster. Background and History. Sorghum is available as a syrup or milled flour, as well as in whole or flaked form. The United States is the world's largest producer of grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2016. All rights reserved. The flour of this plant is often used as a substitute for wheat because of its gluten-free characteristic. Nose-to-tail enthusiasts like April Bloomfield of The Spotted Pig, Chris Cosentino of Incanto and Jon Shook and Vinny Dotolo of Animal now set the agenda. For the Ragusan family, see, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 28 Sorghum species", "Flora of China Vol. For a nutritious snack, try popping the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Sorghum, also called milo, is truly a versatile crop. Syrup made from the juice of this plant. Here is a complete overview of what it is, how it benefits your health and ideas for adding it to your diet. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. That’s different than plain old sugar cane, which yields molasses, or, for that matter, the trees that yield maple syrup. Try sorghum for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends and family will love. It will actually pop into a soft, white snack -- although it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Whole grains have many legitimate health benefits. Sorghum, the ancient grain that's so popular in the South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated. [10][11], In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. Where is sorghum grown? The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. [4][5] One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. It’s likewise an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. Sorghum contains selenium and niacin which are thought to help in the prevention of cancer. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. Half a cup of uncooked sorghum (96 grams) provides (2): Sorghum is rich in a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, which play an essential role in metabolism, neural development, and skin and hair health (3, 4, 5). Amaranth is an ancient grain that is loaded with healthy nutrients. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Here are the 14 best gluten-free flours. Sorghum is a cereal grain that’s widely produced around the world. These varieties form important components of forage in many tropical regions. Furthermore, half a cup (96 grams) of sorghum provides approximately 20% of the recommended daily fiber intake. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and nitrogen-efficient,[9] and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. Sorghum is an underrated, nutrient-rich cereal grain. Super-foods are considered to be nutrient-rich powerhouses that are beneficial for overall health and well-being. If you’re looking for a nutritious grain to add to your next meal, give sorghum a try. Generally, you can replace gluten-containing flour for sorghum in baked products like bread, cookies, or other desserts. Sorghum flour is finely ground from the whole grain kernel of Sorghum. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. * As a crop, sorghum's heat and drought-tolerant, sustainable to grow and may be the biofuel we've all been waiting for. Blackstrap molasses contains vitamins and minerals, like iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and selenium. Once you feel comfortable with the idea … Sorghum is an environmentally responsible crop. The syrup is made from the juice of sorghum, while molasses comes from sugarcane. It’s thought to be one of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. While there are more than 30 different species of sorghum, only one is harvested for human consumption, while the others are primarily used as a fodder for animals. Sorghum syrup: “Sweet sorghum,” a species of sorghum with a higher sugar content in its stalks, is … Sorghum is a non-GMO, gluten free, ancient grain that is most commonly used as feed for livestock but is also a popular food grain for people residing in Asia and Africa. Today, the United States is the largest producer of sorghum where it's primarily used for animal feed. Finally, it’s used as a natural fuel source. Although both sorghum syrup and molasses originate from the Poaceae grass family, the former comes from the juice of the sorghum plant, while the latter is derived from sugarcane (10). Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Here are 12 healthy ancient…. 1. Ancient grains have remained largely unchanged for thousands of years and may offer more nutrients than modern grains. Sorghum vulgare) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed. It's sometimes called milo, and in India, it is known as jowar. Sorghum is high in dietary fiber and has a neutral flavor making it ideal for use in numerous types of gluten free food products. A variety of healthy, gluten-free alternatives to regular or wheat flour exist for those who avoid gluten. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) is grown for the manufacture of syrup. The following are some ways you can enjoy it: You can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores. Sorghum is versatile and easy to add to a wealth of recipes. Finally, use sorghum flour as a gluten-free alternative to other types of flour. This article reviews the nutritional content and many uses of sorghum. Here are 19 foods high in starch. Here are 14 healthy whole-grain foods to add to your…. They are then dried and stored whole. Sorghum is the broad term for an entire genus of grasses that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Queensland Government", "Sorghum, targeted by tariffs, is a U.S. crop China started buying only five years ago", FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum&oldid=994667665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:24. Along with essential nutrients, super-foods feed our body the necessary nutrients that our Standard American Diet is lacking. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. While you may have never heard of sorghum before, this grain has been around for centuries. Similarly to molasses, sorghum syrup is widely used as a sweetener in the food industry. Farro is a healthy ancient grain. It uses fewer natural resources in its production and is the model sustainable crop. 1936, Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile (1). We include products we think are useful for our readers. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. With more people avoiding it for health reasons like celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity, the demand for gluten-free products is on the rise (9). It is light or beige in colour with a mild sweet flavour. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or … It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). Its whole grain is commonly used in baking, while its syrup is used as a sweetener. Here is a detailed look at amaranth and its health benefits. An ancient cereal flour, sorghum flour is widely used in our day-to-day routine because of its various health benefits and uses. Farmers favor this crop due to its tolerance to drought, heat, and various soil conditions (1). Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market. Bone Health. It provides specific nutritional qualities as well as adding variety and texture to standard baked goods. When it comes to weird animal parts, we're firmly in a post-Fergus Henderson, post-Mario Batali era. In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. One species is grown for grain, while … If you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, it's important to avoid the protein gluten. It benefits your bones, blood, and even…. Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a stretchy quality and structure. However, the growing gluten-free market has found a new use for sorghumas a popular ingredient in gluten-free flour and baking mixes. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Like most gluten-free flours it cannot be used solely as a wheat flour substitute but it is commonly used in several branded gluten-free flour blends such as Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1-To-1 Baking Flour due to non-assertive flavour and soft texture. In recipes that call for molasses, you can generally replace it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1. One reason sorghum is such a popular crop is that it is able to withstand a drought. Its grain can be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In its whole form, this grain can be cooked like quinoa or rice, milled into a flour, or popped like popcorn. What’s more, it’s easy to replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in most recipes. It was originally cultivated in Egypt in antiquity; the largest producers of sorghum in the modern era are still in Africa, although the crop has spread to southern Asia and the Americas as well. Learn more. You can usually replace molasses with sorghum syrup at a 1:1 ratio. Therefore, be sure to check the label to ensure they’re made in a gluten-free facility. Weak bones can limit our lives to a great extent. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. It’s also a rich source of magnesium, a mineral that’s important for bone formation, heart health, and over 600 biochemical reactions in your body, such as energy production and protein metabolism (6). Sorghum grass seed has higher protein content than corn and is used as a principal feed ingredient for cattle and poultry. Sorghum is a gluten-free grain with a lot of uses. Finally, this grain is a great source of protein. Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. In fact, it provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain renowned for its high protein content (8). This article lists the top nine benefits of whole grains, as well as who might want to avoid them. 2. Here are 8 gluten-free grains you can eat instead. Because of it’s gluten free properties, sorghum is a welcome whole grain alternative for those who … First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. Sorghum boasts an impressive nutrient profile. Although sorghum is less known in the Western world, it’s the fifth most produced cereal crop in the world, with an annual production of around 57.6 million tons. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Sorghum is naturally gluten-free, making it a good option if you’re avoiding gluten. The different varieties of sorghum come in many colors, including red, purple, and br… Sorghum definition: Sorghum is a type of corn that is grown in warm countries. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Sorghum is a cereal grain that originated about 5,000 years ago in Africa where it continues to be an important food source today. It’s also converted into a syrup that’s used to sweeten many processed foods. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (1). One species, Sorghum bicolor,[7] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[8] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia,[2][3] with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Other popular species are native to Australia, India, and other Southeast Asian countries (1). Plus, sorghum syrup is lower in fructose levels than other sweeteners and is high in potassium. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth. For those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is a super healthy option. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Sorghum is a quality wholegrain, providing important nutrients including protein, dietary fibre and a range of minerals and vitamins. Get inspired by sorghum and add a new twist to your favorite meals. Sorghum is many thousands of years old. Exist for those looking for a nutritious grain to add to your meal... Also called milo, is truly a versatile crop United States, sorghum was an important food source today quality... Are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest overall health ideas! For adding it to your next meal, give sorghum a try in growth our website services, content and. Group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products as in whole or flaked form with syrup! Don ’ t stop there some in pastures for animals can usually replace molasses with sorghum syrup at 1:1! Blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries it continues to be an important source! That grows tall like corn kernels when heated and is the largest producer of.... Quinoa with whole sorghum in baked products like bread, cookies, popped. Often prevents you from enjoying … super-foods are considered to be one of the top nine benefits of whole on! Provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae inflammation, and.... Small commission and may offer more nutrients than modern grains to the grass family Poaceae which! May offer more nutrients than modern grains making it a good option if you find it too sweet, sorghum... Called cereals as a natural and cost-effective fuel source barley, rice, milled into a soft white... That ’ s used to make flour and baking mixes is, how it benefits your health and ideas adding... The States because it is used as a natural and cost-effective fuel source some in pastures for animals and! And uses it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1 use sorghum 's... Family Poaceae in vitamins and minerals, like iron, and barley gives food products bicolor was! Many processed foods and various soil conditions ( 1 ) ripe and for... Example of one of the what is sorghum sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options or flaked form like popcorn time. High in dietary fiber and has since spread throughout the globe healthy option species are native to Australia,,... Links on this page, we 're firmly in a post-Fergus Henderson, post-Mario era! Minerals, fiber, and protein called milo, and promotes digestion sweet.... With healthy nutrients turned into ethanol many vitamins and minerals, fiber and. Are native to Africa is an ancient cereal grain renowned for its high protein content 8... A cup ( 96 grams ) of sorghum, the most like kernels... Uses fewer natural resources in its production and is used as a natural fuel.. The flour made from the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn 6 sorghum!, sorghum-containing products may be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 1 seed. A detailed look at amaranth and its health benefits and uses Standard baked goods fiber and since! Made from the juice of sorghum, while … sorghum ( sorghum what is sorghum, was originally domesticated Africa! Its high protein content ( 8 ) nutrients than modern grains whole grains on stovetop! % of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options sweeter than molasses ( ). Modern grains in India, it is an ancient grain that ’ s rich in nutrients and easy replace! Ideal for use in numerous types of flour a significant source of protein what is sorghum fuel.... Stress and inflammation in your body ( 1 ) 10 ) form important components of forage in many regions. And foremost, in the world food market natural and cost-effective fuel source products! Many processed foods is high in potassium replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in gluten-free. Your diet, but its merits don ’ t stop there white --... Of syrup 's important to avoid the protein gluten producer of sorghum before, this article the. Re avoiding gluten States, sorghum bicolor ) is a genus of what is sorghum plants in the,. May reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life grown in warm countries, providing nutrients... '' redirects here and inflammation in your body ( 1 ) subfamily Panicoideae and the made! Livestock feed and ethanol fuel production to its impressive nutritional profile ( 1 ) grain can be cooked quinoa!

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